Fair territory or fair ground is defined as the area of the playing field between the two foul lines, and includes the foul lines themselves and the foul poles. However, certain exceptions exist: A ball that touches first, second, or third base is always fair.
What is fair territory Baseball?
Any batted ball that first contacts a fielder while the ball is in fair territory is considered fair. If not touched by a fielder, any batted ball that first contacts the field in fair territory beyond first or third base — with the foul lines and foul poles counting as fair territory — is considered fair.
How can you tell if a ball is in foul territory or fair territory?
Addressing the Tee Ball division, Note 2 of the Foul Ball definition states: the ball is foul if it travels less than 15 feet in fair territory from home plate. The ball is also foul if the batter hit the tee with the bat.
What do you call a baseball that is hit outside the fair territory?
In baseball, a foul ball is a batted ball that: … First falls on foul territory beyond first or third base, or. While on or over foul territory, touches the person of an umpire or player, or any object foreign to the natural ground.
Is the line fair or foul in baseball?
Baseball: Fair and Foul Ball Rules
The foul lines are formed between home plate and first base and home plate and third base. They extend all the way to the outfield. The lines themselves are considered fair territory. If a ball is foul and the batter has less than two strikes, then he will be given a strike.
Can a foul ball become fair?
A ball that lands foul and moves to fair territory before first or third base is fair. … A fair fly shall be judged according to the relative position of the ball and the foul line, including the foul pole, and not as to whether the fielder is on fair or foul territory at the time he touches the ball.
Is a dropped foul ball fair?
If it drops to the ground, it is simply a foul ball, and runners cannot advance. … An error can be charged on a catchable ball hit in foul territory that is dropped, even though the batter does not reach base and the runners cannot advance: the mere fact of the at bat being unduly prolonged is enough to merit the error.
Why are there 4 Strikes and 3 strikes?
At the time, only every third “unfair pitch” was called a ball, meaning that a batter could only walk after nine pitches out of the strike zone. As time went on, the rule was dropped to eight balls, then seven, and so-on until four balls were settled on by the league in 1889.
Why are foul balls strikes?
The foul strike rule was first adopted by the National League in 1901 as a response to some players (most notoriously Roy Thomas) developing the ability to foul of pitch after pitch to force a walk. Rulesmakers thought that this upset the balance between hitting and pitching.
Why Is the Foul Pole Fair?
The foul pole is called a fair pole because it lines up with the bases and the back tip of home plate making a true 90 degree angle that squares up the field. Just like a bunt rolling down the line if it stays on the chalk its a fair bunt.
What does Grand Slam mean in baseball?
Definition. A grand slam occurs when a batter hits a home run with men on first base, second base and third base. Four runs score on a grand slam — the most possible on one play — and a batter is awarded four RBIs.
Who invented baseball?
A young man named Abner Doubleday is often credited with developing the game, but the real history is older—and more complicated. You may have heard that a young man named Abner Doubleday invented the game known as baseball in Cooperstown, New York, during the summer of 1839.
Has a baseball player ever died on field?
Raymond Johnson Chapman (January 15, 1891 – August 17, 1920) was an American baseball player. … Chapman was hit in the head by a pitch thrown by Yankees pitcher Carl Mays and died 12 hours later. He is the only player to die from an injury received during a major league game.
What is it called when a pitcher throws 4 balls outside of the strike zone?
base on balls (BB) – also called a “walk”; the award of 1st base to a batter who, during his/her time at bat, receives 4 pitches (balls) outside the strike zone at which the batter does not swing; pitchers may also issue an intentional base on balls (walk) without throwing those 4 pitches, in which case the umpire is …
How many foul balls can a batter hit?
You can’t get a third strike when hitting foul ball. A foul ball that is hit with two strikes doesn’t count as a strike or a ball. Any pitch that is outside the strike zone and the hitter doesn’t swing is called a ball. If the batter gets four balls, then he gets a free pass to first base.
Why is the pitcher’s mound called a mound?
Pitchers discovered that they could get more speed on the ball if they were allowed to stride downhill, so their groundskeepers would provide them with a mound.